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Advocacy & Policy

Research Reports

YWCA Canada maintains an online research library of reports relevant to the lives of women and girls in Canada and internationally, with a focus on our strategic priorities for advocacy. Our What’s New section is updated quarterly. Research Reports and Research Websites and Newsletters organized by subject area.

What's New?

Family Violence in Canada: A statistical profile, 2014

Statistics Canada and Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, 2016

This report provides an overview of family violence in Canada as well as trends over time. Also it provides socio-demographic risk factors linked to spousal violence, the impacts and consequences for victims and the police reporting behaviour of victims.

Immigration Detention Statistics 2015

Canadian Council for Refugees, 2016

This statistics report covers immigration detention statistics in Canada. These statistic do not cover all people detained as some are released by the Canada Border Services Agency before they are brought before the Immigration Refugee Board for detention review.

It’s Time to Act: Report of the Special Pay Equity Committee

House of Commons Canada, Anita Vandenbeld, 2016

This report is done by the House of Commons special committee on pay equity that provides thirty one recommendations for addressing issues of pay equity on a federal level. One of the recommendations is to move away from the complaints-based model that places a burden on the employee and employer. Also to repeal the Public Sector Equitable Compensation Act of 2009.

Making Women Count: The Unequal Economics of Women’s Work

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives and Oxfam Canada, Brittany Lambert & Kate McInturff, 2016

This report looks at how women in Canada and around the world are affected by inequality, through the burden of unpaid work, the undervaluing of work in female dominant fields, and the social norms that see men offered higher wages and more chances at promotion than females. This report also offers recommendations to help make the situation more equitable for women. Such as policies that support better wages, access to employment for women, child care, and to reduce the care burden on women.

Shelter Voices

Canadian Network of Women’s Shelters & Transition Houses, 2016

This national survey looks at transitional houses and shelters that serve women and their children who have been affected by domestic and intimate partner abuse. It provides a snapshot that represents 234 shelters across every province and territory in Canada. This survey also provides insight on the experience, analysis and hopes of organizations, workers and program users.

Still Dying on the Streets: Homeless Deaths in British Columbia, 2006-2014

Street Corner Media Foundation, Sean Condon, 2016

This report looks at homeless deaths from 2006 to 2014 in British Columbia. It provides reasons for the increase of deaths that homeless people are experiencing such as the lack of affordable housing and inadequate harm reduction services. This report provides recommendations that should be implemented to stop these preventable deaths from occurring.

The Gender Wage Gap in Ontario’s Retail Sector: Devaluing Women’s Work and Women Workers

Kendra Coulter, Angella MacEwen, and Sheetal Rawal, 2016

This report provides statistical data on an online survey to show the gender wage gap in retail. It shows that despite women outnumbering men in this occupation they are paid less for doing the same job. This report provides five recommendations that would help challenge the gender inequities in retail.

The Labour Market Agreements: What Did They Really Do?

Caledon Institute of Social Policy, Donna E. Wood and Brigid Hayes, 2016

This paper looks at the Labour Market Agreements from 2008 to 2014 that the federal government made to provinces and territories to support labour market programs and employment services for disadvantaged Canadians. It recommends that Canada is still in need of Labour Market Agreement type programming.

Trans and Nonbinary Youth Inclusivity in Sexual Health: Guidelines for sexual health service providers and educators

Planned Parenthood Toronto, 2016

This guideline is to help sexual health service providers and educators to provide a more inclusive environment for trans and nonbinary youth that they work with. It provides knowledge and information on trans identities so that health providers can make trans and non-binary youth feel more welcome and thus more likely to use their services. Some of the guidelines are gender neutral washrooms, inclusive language, inclusion of LBGTQ staff and safer sex.

Walking Together: Ontario’s Long-Term Strategy to End Violence Against Indigenous Women

Government of Canada, Tracy Maccharles & David Zimmer, 2016

This report talks about violence against Indigenous women and how the effects of colonialism are still being felt today through poverty, social isolation and insecurity. It provides recommendations to end the cycle of violence against Indigenous women and to ensure that they live with safety and respect. Some of the recommendations are supporting children, policing/justice, improving data, community safety and leadership.

Women in Canada: A Gender-Based Statistical Report - Senior Woman

Statistics Canada, Tamara Hudon & Anne Milan, 2016

This report looks at many aspects related to senior women in Canada, such as their socio-demographic characteristics, life expectancy, living arrangements, social participation, internet use, health assistance with daily living and leading causes of death, labour force participation and income.

Diversity through Inclusive Practice: An Evolving Toolkit for Creating Inclusive Processes, Spaces & Events

FemNorthNet & DAWN Canada, 2014

This toolkit was made to help out organizations and individuals in carrying out events that facilitate the inclusion of all, regardless of age, gender, sexual orientation, ability, heritage, and culture. This toolkit provides information about budgeting, choosing a location, creating accessible materials, booking support services, and more. It also provides samples on forms to gather information on accommodations of needs, a sample care provider contract, and an accessible seating guide.

Diversity through Inclusive Practice: The Toolkit Checklist

FemNorthNet & DAWN Canada, 2014

This toolkit checklist was made for organizations and individuals hosting events to make sure that they facilitate the inclusion of all regardless of age, gender, sexual orientation, ability, heritage, and culture. It provides a checklist that you can track to see if you have the required inclusion measures wanted for your event and also provides suggestions. Some of the topics gone over are LBGTQ+, budgeting for inclusion, Indigenous Peoples, finding a location, setting up, and allergies.

Fact Sheet Women with Disabilities and Housing

DAWN RAFH Canada, 2014

This fact sheet looks at how women with disabilities face significant obstacles to accessing safe, affordable and adequate housing such as facing higher levels of poverty, unemployment and being subjected to discriminatory housing practices.

Fact Sheet Women with Disabilities and Poverty

DAWN RAFH Canada, 2014

This fact sheet provides information about Canadian women who are disabled and their economic situation. It states that women with disabilities are poorer than males and that this is due to the major cut backs in Canadian social programs. Some of the reasons given are low level of education and at the bottom of the employment queue in Canada.

Fact Sheet Women with Disabilities and Violence

DAWN RAFH Canada, 2014

This fact sheet looks at violence against women with disabilities and how they experience a wider range of emotional, physical and sexual abuse. This report recommends that there should be more research done on violence against women with disabilities as there is little and has contributed to making this issue invisible.

Unprotected, Unrecognized Canadian Immigration Policy and Violence Against Women, 2008-2013

Migrant Mothers Project, Rupaleem Bhuyan, BethanyOsborne, Sajedeh Zahraei, and Sarah Tarshis, 2014

This report looks at how immigration and refugee policies impact the safety of immigrants who have precarious status. It provides an outlook on how immigration policy changes are impacting how community based organization work with women and precarious immigration status, specifically women who are seeking safety from violence. This report also provides recommendations for the government to take to address this issue.